Search

Review of policy instruments and their roles
in a policy mix

Contact: Irene Ring, UFZ 


© André Künzelmann / UFZ 

Objectives:

  • ­identify and describe key regulatory and economic instruments for biodiversity conservation
     
  • ­review existing experience regarding their effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and social impacts, and
     
  • ­assess the role of each of the selected instruments in a policy mix

 

 
 

Task 1 International review of policy instruments for biodiversity conservation

We describe and evaluate key policy instruments for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, with a special focus on those suitable for the conservation of forest ecosystem services and sustainable forestry. Building on international experience and literature such as TEEB, the state-of-the-art and knowledge gaps regarding the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, social impacts and institutional requirements of the following instrument categories will be identified:

  • ­ Regulation and planning instruments
  • ­ Tax reliefs for biodiversity conservation
  • ­ Payments for environmental services (PES) schemes at the national and local level
  • ­ International PES programmes: REDD and REDD+
  • ­ Ecological fiscal transfers
  • ­ Trading schemes, habitat banking and offsets
  • ­ Voluntary mechanisms and forest certification schemes

 

Task 2 Assessing the role of instruments in a policy mix

In practice, individual instruments do not exist on their own; they are usually implemented in a policy mix. Some instruments complement each other, whereas others may overlap and reduce effectiveness and/or efficiency. Therefore, the role of each of the instruments needs to be specified as a basis for further instrument design and impact evaluation in the POLICYMIX case studies.
 


Task 3 Lessons for multi-scale assessments of instrument mixes

Finally, the main lessons learned from WP2 are summarised in recommendations for multi-scale assessments of instruments and their transferability.

  

Latest news
06.07.2011
Can Markets Protect Biodiversity? An Evaluation of Different Financial Mechanisms

This report discusses the strengths and weaknesses of increased use of market-based mechanisms in protecting biodiversity and its associated services. It has been written in response to the latest call by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity (COP 10, Nagoya) where Parties were invited to submit information concerning to what extent innovative financial mechanisms could be used to support the three objectives of the convention.   Read report . Read More..